- Leadership for the 21st century: The intersection of the traditional and the new
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- Leadership in the Twenty-First Century - Medicine LibreTexts
- 1.4: Leadership in the Twenty-First Century
Leadership for the 21st century: The intersection of the traditional and the new
What kind of nursing leadership is called for in the age of complexity science? Translated into action, this requires that leaders look at the organization through the lens of complexity , with unit leaders allowing issues on the unit to emerge. Leaders use good enough vision to solve difficulties by allowing individuals to develop and use innovative approaches within their work environment, rather than providing specific directions.
Pangman and Pangman stress the need for the nurse leader to balance data clockware and intuition swarmware by circulating around the workplace, observing and providing support or suggesting a different way of doing things when a problem is identified. The leader is aware of the different formal and informal networks shadow systems that influence the behaviour of staff.
This awareness guides the leader in the exploration and endorsement of differing views. Situational and contingency — based leadership theories , most popular from to , suggest that no one leadership style is ideal for every situation. Another relationally focused nursing leadership style espoused widely across North America is the transformational leadership style. These leaders demonstrate four prevailing characteristics that include idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and idealized consideration. Feminist leadership , founded on the principles of transformational leadership, further emphasizes an ethic of care expressed through the use of collaborative, relational skills and the development of gender equitable and empowering organizational goals Christensen, Another leadership style, developed in response to the increasing complexity of strategic issues that are cross-functional in nature, is dyad leadership , which involves the development of mini teams consisting of two or more individuals.
The literature abounds with examples of task-focused leadership styles that place an emphasis on the accomplishment of assigned tasks, rather than on the development of productive relationships within the workplace. Task-oriented styles, such as transactional leadership —wherein the leaders tend to explain expectations and reward good performance, correct departures from expectations, and finally attempt to prevent future problems Xirasagar, —can prove useful in fast-paced and high-stress environments, such as the emergency department.
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- Leadership for the Twenty-First Century?
The effectiveness of different task-oriented leadership styles depends on the needs of the organization. Essential Learning Activity 1. Then answer the following questions: Why is it important for the nurse manager to walk through the nursing unit?
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He examines definitions of leadership from and how they were used in the literature in the s, the nature of leadership, leadership and management, leadership and ethics for the s, and leadership in the future. Rost indicts scholars for not defining or even attempting to define leadership in many of their works.
He concludes that the literature presents leadership as being all things to all people, which is unacceptable for the study of leadership, much less for addressing practical problems facing our society in the future. On the surface, at least, leadership studies since are confusing and disorganized.
Rost, however, looks at the literature on a fundamental level and makes sense of it as reflecting an industrial paradigm. He contends that the majority of leadership studies are not about leadership but management. He suggests these authors' perceptions of leadership mirrored what they saw as the reality and that they saw no need to define leadership differently from management. While Rost's critique of leadership studies is important, his most significant contribution is a "post-industrial" concept of leadership.
Leadership in the Twenty-First Century - Medicine LibreTexts
He credits MacGregor Burns' work for laying the groundwork for this transition Burns, Rost offers a new definition for leadership and explains the four essential elements of his new definition. He defines leadership as "an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes.
Also crucial to his new definition is the importance of ethics within the process of leadership. He believes scholars and practitioners need to give more attention to this aspect of the subject. In the foreword of the book, Burns notes that he believes Rost is underestimating the influence of the roles of values and ethics as variables in leadership. Burns also notes the role of conflict in leadership has been overlooked.
1.4: Leadership in the Twenty-First Century
My own experience suggests Rost may not have fully developed the role values and ethics play in influencing leadership. The role of conflict may also need to be explored further. Rost concludes his book by presenting ideas on how the new paradigm can influence the study and practice of leadership in the future.
He suggests a transformation needs to occur in universities, centers for leadership, professional development programs, and software, as well as among practitioners, before the teaching the new post-industrial paradigm of leadership can begin. Rost also encourages more collaboration among educators, practitioners, and scholars. He argues the transition from an industrial paradigm to a post-industrial paradigm of leadership is crucial to serving societal needs.